South Africa is growing more slowly than its peers. What can be done to turn its prospects around? This report diagnoses South Africa's weak growth outlook to 2044. It then presents an alternative, aspirational vision for South Africa called "Thuma Mina" that is focused on spurring long-term growth by transforming health and education; resolving the electricity crisis in a way that enables modern industrialisation; and implementing land reform that unlocks greater agricultural potential. The report contains a concise executive summary in point form and practical recommendations as well.